However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.
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Kandahar Edict of Ashoka In the 13th Edict, Ashoka accurately names all of the rulers in the Hellenistic world at the time of the inscription: Other parts are more native in nature.
With your greatly appreciated support, no matter how small, Real History can continue to produce content that is accurate, research and, above all, readable. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
kuanoum One branch of the ancient Aryan trade roads, the Silk Roads, passed beside the city and this allowed the city to control the lapis lazuli and other precious stones trade.
In addition, the entire site was littered with Greek-style sculptures and artwork, including column capitals carved in the Corinthian style. I think the people in the region probably thought they were modern and more interesting than their ancient cities — much like modern people are always interested in new city architecture — our cities are constantly changing, khanium so it was back then.
Ai Khanum is about 2 km long and m wide and was excavated by French archaeologists. A more likely candidate is Kampyr Tepe in Uzbekistan. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Ai-Khanoum may have been the city in which Eucratides was besieged by Demetriusbefore he successfully managed to escape to ultimately conquer India Justin. Ai-Khanoum was likely affected as many nomadic invasions passed through across through the Hindu Kush passes.
Independence Bactria and nearby Sogdiana and Ferghana had always proven difficult for even the Persian Empire to control, chiefly as a result of the sheer distance of these fringe khanohm from the heart of the empire. Numerous artefacts and structures were khanouum, pointing to a high Hellenistic culture, combined with Eastern influences.
You are commenting using your WordPress. Silk Roads Trading Centre. Its location at the junction between Bactrian khanouk and nomad territories to the north, ultimately allowed access to commerce with the Chinese empire. These are the first known representations of Vedic deities on coins, and they display early Avatars of Vishnu: They are Indian-standard square coins lhanoum the representations of Indian deities, which have been variously interpreted as VishnuShivaVasudevaBuddha or Balarama.
Author: K. E. Eduljee
Ancient Indus Valley Civilisation. One of these economic inscriptions relates in Greek the deposit of olive oil jars in the treasury:. It is not clear exactly how Ai-Khanoum was destroyed, but archaeologists suggest it was totally abandoned by BCE khsnoum there is evidence of huge fires in all the major buildings in the city.
In the late 4th Century BCE, the great Persian Empire was toppled by the young Macedonian king, initiating a remarkable cultural diaspora. Many Seleucid and Bactrian coins were found at Ai-Khanoum, as were ten blank planchetsindicating that there was a mint in the city.
Across the valley is a spectacular wall of steep rocks. There is evidence of huge fires in all the major buildings of the city. By use ng these double adjectives you give the impression that these two identities were distinct and separate Like Like. His account of his visit to Bactria, including his recollection of his amazement at finding Chinese goods in the markets acquired via Indiaas well as his travels in the rest of Central Khanou, is preserved in the works khanojm the early Han historian Sima Qian.
For the Seleucids that distance was even greater, with Bactra some 3,kms 2, miles from the capital at Antioch near modern Antakya, Turkey.
In some cases, only the hands and feet would be made in marble. After all, Alexander famously began adopting Persian dress and elements of Persian court culture in the years before his death, much to the resentment of his followers.
Ai-Khanoum – Travel guide at Wikivoyage
During this period, Greek culture was in the ascendency from Greece itself to Egypt and as far as modern Afghanistan. The same symbol was used on various Seleucid eastern coins, suggesting that they were probably minted in Ai-Khanoum.
You are commenting using your Facebook account. In the 13th Edict, Ashoka accurately names all of the rulers in the Hellenistic world at the time of the inscription: The work had to be abandoned with the onset of kyanoum Soviet—Afghan Warduring which the site was looted and used as a battleground, leaving very little of the original material. Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Some authors have speculated that the image to the plate’s left is that of the goddess Cybele on a chariot pulled by lions.
Yasna 45 pdf Jackson: One of the more entertaining anecdotes highlighting the influence of Hellenistic culture is provided by ancient historian Plutarch:.
The City of Infidels. The mission unearthed various structures, some of them perfectly Hellenistic, some other integrating elements of Persian architecture:. The region, irrigated by the Oxus, had a rich agricultural potential.
Architectural antefixae with Hellenistic ” Flame palmette ” design, Ai-Khanoum. Indeed, it had all the hallmarks of a Classical Greek city; a large gymnasium one of the largest in the ancient worlda 6, seat amphitheatre, temples to Greek gods and a number of Greek-style houses, complete with collonaded courtyards. Ostraca from the treasury. However, Persepolis fell about 80 years before the first Buddhist stone architecture appeared, which leaves the question whether knowledge was preserved over the generations between Persepolis to the west of Ai-Khanoum and the Mauryans to its east.
Unsurprisingly, these eastern provinces would prove troublesome for the Seleucids. With the Seleucids focused on the ongoing jostling with the other Successor states in the west, the Greco-Bactrians were able to expand their influence in the east. The citadel in the south, which is on a 60 m high loess-covered natural mound, has not been investigated yet, although it must have had massive walls and high towers. Email required Address never made public.
Possibly, this was a refoundation of an older, Persian city, and was settled with Greek and Iranian veterans, together with native serfs: Plate from Ai Khanum Alexandria on Oxus. Perhaps, this city was identical to Ai Khanum in Afghanistan. However, the images do not have to be those of a Greek goddess.